With liberty did Christ make you free (i.e. But, again, to obey any one isolated law, however good that law may be, and however we may admire and love the Lawgiver, may still carry with it a sense of confining and contraction. Jerusalem was no longer the mother of freemen. When you try to do a thing you cannot do it as well as when you do it without trying. The verb στήκετε, unknown in classical Greek, derives its specialty of sense from the context. The two boys, like Esau and Jacob in the next generation, represented opposite principles and ways of life, whose counter-working was to run through the course of future history. 1.] are no longer binding on Christians because of the death of Christ. ), The phrase alludes to the duties of soldiers on military service. Used absolutely, as 2 Thessalonians 2:15. Chiefly in the anticipation. Such an act was not only an insult to the mistress of the house and the young heir at a most untimely moment, it betrayed a jealousy and contempt on the part of Hagar’s son towards his half-brother which gravely compromised Isaac’s future. THE Apostle wishes that he could "change his voice" (Galatians 4:20). As long as he continued under that law, he continued under the curse. 1. The prerogative of the King of Glory that hath freed them. But, if he finds the boy in his leisure moments reading about the sea, and haunting about the seashore, and studying intelligently the boats and sails and machinery, after a time he will begin to recognize in the boy such a bent as indicates a genuine call. For the honest meaning of the word of God anything and everything has been substituted that lawless fancy and verbal ingenuity could read into it. Stand fast, therefore, and be not entangled again in a yoke of bondage” (namely, the law, Galatians 4:24; Acts 15:10). Many are the times when I stood firm and suffered the consequences and costs, but the knowledge of standing firm was a great comfort. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mlg/galatians-5.html. How can he be free who acts only as others choose? Just as every man has his own liberty of righteous conduct, but no right to do wrong, so neither Church nor community has any freedom to do that which is unlawful in God’s sight. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/galatians-5.html. IX, p. 82. The tense is a present, so keep standing would be the thought of the verse. Galatians 5:1-15; Freedom to Serve: To be set free from the bondage of sin, we must become servants of God and one another. Or, held ensnared. Peroration. See on 1 Thessalonians 3:8. Galatians 5:1 (KJV) 1 Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage. And so man living under the Christian covenant stands in a direct personal relation to God, a relation of trust. A. Buttmann, p. 155. "Which things are allegorized"-so the Apostle literally writes in Galatians 4:24 -made matters of allegory. Only Christ has, whose love is infinite. H. Cer. And the Judaic ascendency was no less a danger to the Church. Stand fast.—Opposed both to being moved and to bowing down. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/galatians-5.html. Calvin and many reformed theologians have answered this question this way. A. p. 770 E: δούλειον ζυγόν, Ep. The liberty mentioned by the apostle is freedom from Jewish rites and ceremonies, called properly here the yoke of bondage; and also liberty from the power and guilt of sin, which nothing but the grace of Christ can take away. ), Brethren, I cannot be of any other faith than that which I preached nearly twenty-nine years ago on this platform. Exhortation to stand fast in the Gospel liberty, just set forth, and not to be led by Judaizers into circumcision, or Law justification: Yet though free, to serve one another by love: To walk in the Spirit, bearing the fruit thereof, not in the works of the flesh. ],” and “our sins are blotted out as a morning cloud.”], 2. For freedom did Christ set us free: stand fast therefore, and be not entangled again in a yoke of bondage. IV. (W. Robbed of all outward means, mocked and thrust out as she is by Israel after the flesh, her rejection is a release, an emancipation. And what do they who teach that we are justified by the act of baptism; and they who administer the Lord’s supper to dying persons as a passport to heaven? They have no place amongst the sons of God." Проще всего понять так: галаты в таком случае как бы утратили искупление Христово. Exhortation to stand fast in the Gospel liberty, just set forth, and not to be led by Judaizers into circumcision, or Law justification: Yet though free, to serve one another by love: To walk in the Spirit, bearing the fruit thereof, not in the works of the flesh. He has undertaken for me in everything. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/galatians-5.html. How? But Philo knows nothing of the correspondence between Isaac and Christ, which lies at the back of the Apostle’s allegory. Galatians 5:19-21 the works of the flesh. Oh, what a ‘liberty’ is this! III. 1. This is but a stream, which must be traced to a higher source. Paul may say "in Arabia" rather than in the Arabian language, because he is referring to a local usage. Paul has pronounced the doom of Judaism. Beracot, fol. This Judaising temper displays itself whenever men try to narrow down eternal principles of conduct into minute rules, which can prefer no higher claim than to be deemed useful to some, whilst they may be positively injurious to others In vindicating the freedom brought to us by the gospel, we throw ourselves back on the primary truths of Christianity--the Fatherhood of God, and the reconciliation wrought out by the atoning work of Jesus Christ, the Incarnate Son of God. (Galatians 5:1). Сказав прежде, что сыны рождены от свободной, апостол увещевает их теперь, сколь сильно надобно ценить эту свободу, дабы галаты не презрели ее как нечто никчемное. And very “free” will that man be “among the dead,” because his faith is going out above the smallnesses which surround him, to the great, and to the absorbing, and to the satisfying things to come. The Christian is a believer in Christ: and by his faith he is made a partaker of all that Christ has procured for him. Ever since, being reconciled to the Roman Church, I subjected myself and my kingdoms (said King John of England) to the pope’s authority, never anything went well with me, but all against me, Nulla mihi prospera, sed omnia adversa evenerunt. The first order is therefore the better sustained, and χριστὸς ἡμᾶς may have been written to avoid ᾗ ἡμᾶς, found in the codices referred to. Conscious of the spirit of sonship and freedom, looking out on the boundless conquests lying before her in the Gentile world, the Church of the New Covenant glories in her tribulations. In it are first called into play the motives which determine the course of history, the rise and fall of empires or churches. If I have received Christ into my heart I am a pardoned man, I am a happy man, and I know and feel that I owe all my happiness to Him—therefore I love Him; I cannot choose but love Him; and my first desire is to please Him, to follow Him, to be like Him, to be with Him. So it is with the Mosaic Law and the law of Christ. It does not hem me round with a mechanical ritual, does not enjoin forms, attitudes, and hours of prayer, does not descend to details of dress and food, does not put on me one outward badge. 21–31.]. Indeed he has changed it more than once. So it is with the Mosaic Law and the law of Christ." "Entangled" is just what it describes in our language and culture. This would express what Hort thinks was the original reading, ἐπʼ ἐλευθερίᾳ, cf. (Canon Fremantle.). Wherever there is a just demand for freedom, it is because there exists a living power to be liberated; and this living power, if it be kept pure, contains in itself the true limit of its exercise. Bondage under the wrath of God and fear of eternal death. Mostly in Paul. According to Schott, Ewald, and Matthias, who join it to Galatians 4:31 (see the critical notes), we get the meaning: “We are not children of a bond-maid, but of the free woman through the freedom, with which Christ made us free; stand fast therefore.” Thus τῇ ἐλευθερίᾳ ἧ ἡμᾶς χριστ. Now he will try another tone; he proceeds in fact to address his readers in a style which we find nowhere else in his Epistles. ), and of the frequent use both in the LXX. To be circumcised would be for them to be born again after the flesh, to link themselves to Abraham in the unspiritual fashion of Hagar’s son. And the Judaic ascendency was no less a danger to the Church. must refer to the heavenly Jerusalem, partially manifested in the NT Church. Who can fully appreciate the blessing of the forgiveness of sins and of everlasting life? They were ambitious of Jewish privileges. Previously they had been (most of them) in the yoke of heathenism; now they were on the point of being held in the yoke of Mosaism (only another kind of the στοιχεῖα τοῦ κόσμου). But Paul’s allegory, and that of Philo and the Allegorical school, are very different things, as widely removed as the "words of truth and soberness" from the intoxications of mystical idealism. And such there are at this day. 1 of chap. According to later Jewish theology, the real Jerusalem, like all other sacred things, existed originally in heaven. III. We may easily conceive, from hence, what is, Privilege and duty comprehend all that constitutes religion. Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free. quite light! Search using our Online Bible by Topic, Verse Reference or Phrase. The gospel sets man free from a bondage beneath which a loving obedience is impossible, in order that, being free, he may serve God in the spirit of Christian liberty. "Commentary on Galatians 5:1". But my future—be it what it may—is all covenanted. Liberty—From the old ritualism. Nor does the apostle oppose Christ so immediately to circumcision as he does to the law. He always believed a boy; and it was only on rare occasions, when the proof was indubitable, that he punished. He therefore, by imparting faith to our souls, translates us from the one to the other; and both liberates from all the evils of the former, and conveys to us all the blessings of the latter. "Why tempt ye God, to put a yoke upon the neck of the disciples which neither our fathers nor we were able to bear?" 1069. Many a pastor has been told to mind their own business when confronting a believer with sin. The yoke of bondage - Of servitude to the Jewish laws; see the note at Acts 15:10. The spirit of Christian liberty is eternal. God means us to learn from this! But our wonder ceases so soon as we climb the height, and see wherein its great strength lies; how it has struck its roots down into the mountain, and wrapped them with many a strong twist and turn round and round the rock. Some commandments in the Law of Christ are the same as those in the Law of Moses (e.g, nine of the Ten Commandments, excluding the command to observe the Sabbath day). If they rush into the snare of the legalists, they will be bondmen again, and their bondage will be the more oppressive now they have tasted the joys of freedom. "For these (the slave-mother and the free-woman) are two covenants, one indeed bearing children unto bondage-which is Hagar" (Galatians 4:24). S. P.], "And be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage. Christ made that agreement possible by His Cross. And there is this vital difference of method between the two divines, that whereas Paul’s comparison is the illustration of a doctrine proved on other grounds-the painting which decorates the house already built (Luther)-with the Alexandrine idealist it forms the substance and staple of his teaching. a yoke which neither they nor their fathers were able to bear. 1069. "The son of the handmaid was born after the flesh." (Bishop Hall. To die will be a very little thing. But Galatians 4:26 sounds the note of deliverance: "The Jerusalem above is free; and she is our mother!" 25. according to which τῇ ἐλευθερίᾳ is taken with στήκετε, accounting for the absence of ἐν “by the noun τῇ ἑλευθερίᾳ standing at the head of a sentence, of which the writer had not forecasted the governing verb. 1. "E.W. BibliographyDerickson, Stanley. II. ]” and brought him to a state of perfect liberty. As oxen tied to the yoke. If men lay upon our shoulders an unjust burden, it may be borne; but if they endeavor to bring our conscience into bondage, we must resist valiantly, even to death.’. Ritualism and priestly autocracy go hand in hand. The two boys, like Esau and Jacob in the next generation, represented opposite principles and ways of life, whose counter-working was to run through the course of future history. Obedience to one’s self; obedience to a law which is written in a man’s own heart. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sdn/galatians-5.html. Our opponents claim that they also possess this liberty. "Commentary on Galatians 5:1". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/galatians-5.html. Should be valued considering how it was obtained.—"The liberty where, with Christ hath made us free." wherewith Christ hath made us free; we are not free born, but on the contrary homeborn slaves, as Ephraim was; nor could this liberty in any of its branches be obtained by us, by any merit, righteousness, act, or acts of ours, but is wholly of Christ's procuring for us, both by price and power; whereby he has ransomed and delivered us out of the hands of all our spiritual enemies, sin, Satan, the law, and death; and it is of his proclaiming in the Gospel, and of his applying by his Spirit, whom he sends down into our hearts as a free Spirit, to acquaint us with it, and lead us into it, who works faith in us to lay hold upon, and receive this blessing of grace as others: and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage. Once more then, choose—between Christ and Law; Ishmael and Isaac; the true Jerusalem and the sham. This inversion throws an emphasis on , as the previous context demands; for the whole passage forcibly contrasts the freedom granted to us Christians with the bondage which the Jews inherit.— ’ Converts had all alike, whether Jews or Greeks, been under bondage to some law, human or divine: all had been set free by Christ, but might now, by the voluntary adoption of circumcision, forfeit this freedom and rivet the yoke of Law about their own necks. We are to hold fast our liberty in the day of trial.—. Freedom is probably one of the scarcest commodities on earth. 1919. Our liberty is a limited one. So also Christian liberty is best secured from abuse, not by the threat of penalties, or by an appeal to fear, but by the operation of those principles which lie at the foundation of Christian character. ), The liberty wherewith Christ has made men free is a deliverance from a system of rules, positive and prohibitory--a temporary and provisional system which had an educational value, training men to the full privileges of religious manhood. (2) From the obligation of the law whereby it binds us to perfect righteousness in our own persons. BibliographyAlford, Henry. A. refined man has rights and joys that an unrefined man has not and cannot have, because he cannot understand them, does not want them, could not use them. Stand fast therefore in the liberty - This is intimately connected with the preceding chapter: the apostle having said, just before, So then, brethren, we are not children of the bond woman, but of the free, immediately adds, Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free. So far, we may imagine, Paul is moving on the accepted lines of Jewish exegesis. From this contrast of birth "according to flesh" and "through promise" is deduced the opposition between the slave-born and free-born sons. Stand ... therefore ... Paul, by this admonished the Galatians to hold their ground, resist the Judaizers and reject the persuasions of those who would entangle them in such things as sabbath days, feast days, circumcision and all other Jewish regulations. While several of the girls were watching, I decided to show them how a “pro” would dive. Galatians 5:19-21 the works of the flesh. Cf. He thinks what is true; he does what is benevolent. The other side of the antithesis is not formally expressed; it is obvious. [Matthew 13:41]. Galatians 4:24, Galatians 3:17. Take heed lest you grow unawares to think that only those within your own circle are brethren, and those who hold aloof are not; that those who do not think as you do, or that men like myself, who cannot always follow you, are outside the pale. But Paul’s allegory, and that of Philo and the Allegorical school, are very different things, as widely removed as the "words of truth and soberness" from the intoxications of mystical idealism. It teaches us to do good, but leaves us to devise for ourselves the means by which we may best serve mankind." It is to be ensnared in, tangled up in, and not able to escape from. What liberty does Paul mean? We are not now treating of an unimportant matter. Ishmael was in truth the fruit of unbelief; his birth was due to a natural but impatient misreading of the promise. from the curse of the law,” (Galatians 3:13;). "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". The persecution of the Church by Judaism gave proof of the Ishmaelite spirit, the carnal animus by which it was possessed. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/galatians-5.html. Are ye saved through faith and that not of yourself--“it is the gift of God?” You shall leave this :Rock if you like; you may be able to swim; I cannot, and so I stop here; and when the crack of doom shall come I shall be here, God helping me, believing this self-same doctrine. He gives me an independence and a manliness which is my strength. "So now," says Paul, pointing to Ishmael’s "persecution" of the infant Isaac, hinted at in Genesis 21:8-10. The blow which shattered Judaism at once cleared the ground for the outward progress of the gospel and arrested the legalistic reaction which hindered its internal development. Perkins. Therefore our liberty is sure and valid as long as we believe in Christ. The sense is, that they were to be firm and unyielding in maintaining the great principles of Christian liberty. A reminder that Paul himself was not preaching circumcision, with a strong condemnation of those who were troubling them (11-12) B. On the absolute στήκετε, which obtains its reference from the context, comp. Is not baptism the most constant and ceaseless witness to equality? Bondage under the wrath of God and fear of eternal death. That this is philologically uncertain is no proof that Paul did not mean this. "The "yoke" was used in current Jewish parlance in an honorable sense for the obligation to keep the law of Moses, and the Judaizers may well have urged the Galatians to "take the yoke of the law" upon themselves. (H. H. As ζυγῷ is defined by δουλείας the idiomatic English translation is doubtless “the yoke of bondage,” not “a yoke” etc. He stands a liberated man! Their quick fancy will readily apprehend the bearing of the illustration; it may bring home to them the force of his doctrinal contention, and the peril of their own position, as he fears they have not seen them yet.
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